Root Canal Treatment (Endodontics)
Inside each tooth lies a slender strand of "pulp," which contains nerves and provides nutrients to the tooth. This pulp reaches all the way down to the tooth's root. When a tooth's pulp becomes infected or irreversibly inflamed, endodontic treatment is urgently needed—otherwise the tooth itself may be at risk of dying. Root canals are used to save teeth in such situations.
After administering anesthesia, an opening is made through the biting surface of the tooth. The pulp is then removed and the pulp chamber is sealed. The tooth is then sealed with a crown made of porcelain or gold. Most of the time, a root canal is a relatively simple procedure with little or no discomfort generally involving one visit; however, the number of visits depends on the degree of infection found in the canal.